The most common pathology of the genitourinary system in men is an inflammatory disease of the prostate. According to statistics, prostatitis is diagnosed in every 10 patients of mature age. Without proper treatment, the disease progresses quickly, leads to serious complications and affects a man's sex life.
Any disease is easier to treat when diagnosed early. Prostatitis occurs both in the acute form and in the complicated - chronic form, which occurs in the case of neglected inflammation of the prostate. Symptoms and treatment of the disease differ and depend on its stage and type. In the acute course of pathology, a man experiences:
- Difficulty urinating. One of the first signs is problems with passing urine due to the narrowing of the ureter. In the early stages, the prostate begins to grow in size and slightly compresses the ducts.
- Pain in the lower abdomen, which is most often disturbed after physical exertion or at the end of the day. Pain in sensation and intensity are different: they can be pulling, cutting, painful. They then spread through the scrotum and penis and, during defecation, are administered into the rectum. The disease causes the occurrence of constipation, which only increases the inflammatory process in the prostate.
- Frequent urination. A man who has not yet woken up to empty his bladder may go to the bathroom 1-2 times a night at the onset of illness. With the transition from prostatitis to another form, the urge to urinate decreases. It gives the impression of overcrowding of the bladder, and after going to the toilet - incomplete emptying.
- Visual change in urine. Already in the early stages of the development of pathology in the urine, impurities of pus or blood can be detected.
- The occurrence of sexual dysfunction. Men experience erection problems and severe pain during ejaculation.
- Prolonged rise in body temperature in the region of 39 degrees, accompanied by chills, weakness and body aches.
Most of the symptoms of the disease manifest themselves clearly. The task of men is to carefully monitor the state of their body and its changes, not to miss the first signs and not to let the pathology develop into a chronic stage.
The first manifestations of inflammation of the prostate in representatives of the stronger sex in a neglected way are almost the same as in the acute phase of the disease. But they are accompanied by symptoms such as:
- Decreased libido, disappearance of erection during intercourse, detection of blood in semen.
- Frequent urge to urinate, full bladder, white flakes in urine. During an exacerbation, a man can be completely deprived of the ability to empty his bladder, as the inflamed prostate blocks the passage of urine into the urethra.
- Depression, insomnia or drowsiness. Men suffering from an illness such as prostatitis often experience fits of rage or aggression associated with a psycho-emotional disorder.
To avoid errors in the correct diagnosis, it makes sense to be examined by several doctors and in different institutions. The symptoms and treatment of prostatitis, like any other disease of the genitourinary system, is not a problem that needs to be postponed or saved in health.
reasons for development
It is almost impossible to determine the main cause of the pathology. At the same time, the provoking factors are not so few, each of them is very serious, especially considering the male habit of neglecting health. Main reasons:
- The formation of congestion in the pelvic region. They are characterized by slow blood circulation, in which tissue nutrition deteriorates, edema occurs, and the functioning of capillaries is disrupted.
- Hypothermia. Having froze even once, men themselves provoke the development of inflammation of the prostate.
- A sedentary lifestyle, in which representatives of the stronger sex sit for hours in one position. No less harmful is work associated with vibration (tractor operators, drivers). With constant agitation, the perineum is injured and the organs in the pelvic region are weakened, which creates additional conditions for the onset of inflammation.
- Transferred venereal diseases. Sexually transmitted infections cannot bypass the prostate. Even after treatment, immunity wanes and the prostate is vulnerable.
- Stool retention. Constipation increases stress by emptying the rectum, traumatizing the prostate. In addition, stagnation is intensified and reverse absorption of toxins occurs, including in the prostate.
- Extremes in intimate life. Deficiency and excess of sex both negatively affect reproductive health. With excessive activity, the prostate wears out and withdrawal increases stagnation.
- Interruption of sexual intercourse. As a method of contraception, it is recognized as ineffective and harmful to human health. Attempts to control a physiological process that is already running are very harmful.
- Alcohol abuse, malnutrition. These two factors lead to swelling of the prostate and the occurrence of malignant neoplasms.
- Urological Diseases. Due to the close anatomical connection with the reproductive system, inflammatory processes in the urinary system can penetrate a little further down and affect the prostate.
By identifying the causes that contributed to the development of inflammation, the urologist individually selects the treatment, excluding adverse factors.
Prostate inflammation therapy should be comprehensive. After diagnosing the disease, the doctor, as a rule, prescribes an individual treatment regimen. To obtain a positive effect, the patient needs at least 4-6 months. Today, many different methods are used for treatment, including drug therapy, the use of physical therapy and massage procedures. In official medicine, these methods are recognized as the most effective and safe for the health of the stronger sex.
Qualified psychotherapy is considered an equally important measure, since constant painful sensations and problems that have arisen in intimate life negatively affect not only the patient's general well-being, but also his psychological state.
Surgical treatment is indicated in cases where medical measures have not led to a result or the prostate blocks the output of urine. Surgery can lead to infertility, so it is not prescribed for young men.
Antibacterial therapy is carried out with infectious prostatitis. When the cause of the pathology is not bacteria or viruses, treatment with antibiotics is considered meaningless. To relax the muscles of the prostate, improve the output of urine and relieve pain in the perineal region, alpha-blockers are used.
Muscle relaxants will help to reduce pain and eliminate muscle tension in the pelvic area. Seriously ill patients are prescribed droppers with diuretics, which contribute to the plentiful release of urine and further prevent intoxication of the body.
The course of treatment must be completed to the end, even if the symptoms of the disease have completely disappeared. The signs of prostatitis usually disappear at the beginning of antibiotic therapy, but when treatment is stopped, they become chronic.
Nonbacterial prostatitis requires a different treatment regimen. It consists of taking analgesics and antipyretics.
Simultaneously with the main treatment, the urologist prescribes supportive therapy, which includes bed rest, drinking plenty of water, and taking sitz baths. Patients should follow a diet that limits alcohol, caffeine, fatty and spicy foods.
For chronic prostate inflammation, the most effective remedy is regular prostate massage, which reduces the likelihood of re-inflammation. The course of treatment consists of 10 sessions. A contraindication to the procedures is rectal cancer and exacerbation of prostatitis.
Physiotherapy is used not only as a treatment but also for prevention purposes. It improves blood circulation, increases muscle tone, accelerates tissue regeneration and increases cell permeability. It is forbidden to use this method for high blood pressure, temperature, epilepsy, cancer, urolithiasis, anemia, diseases of the kidneys and cardiovascular system.
The use of rectal suppositories reduces the negative impact on the functioning of internal organs. Suppositories may contain antibiotics, herbs, antispasmodics. They eliminate swelling, relieve inflammation and restore urination.
Pathology therapy at home using alternative medicine recipes is effective only at an early stage. There are many ways to eliminate the main symptoms of inflammation:
- Fried pumpkin seeds (500 g) are twisted in a meat grinder, then honey (200 g) is added and mixed well. From the mixture of pumpkin and honey, balls are made no larger than a walnut. They dissolve half an hour before each meal, 1 piece for 2-3 minutes. The product is stored in the refrigerator. Pumpkin seeds contain a lot of zinc, which is needed to maintain the normal functioning of the genitourinary system.
- Crushed and dried poplar husk (100 g) is placed in a half-liter jar and poured with vodka (200 g). The container is tightly closed, left to infuse in a dark place. After two weeks, the tincture is filtered and consumed 20 drops, diluted in a quarter of a glass of water, 3 times a day before meals.
- Honey (1 tsp), egg (1 tsp) are mixed with rye flour (3 tbsp), thin suppositories are made from the dough, the diameter of which should not be more than 1 cm. Candles are stored in the refrigerator. In the morning and in the evening, they are inserted into the anus after emptying the rectum. The course of treatment is about 4 weeks, then they take a break and repeat the therapy.
- Small onions (3 pieces) are rubbed on a fine grater, poured with boiling water (3 tbsp) and insisted for a day. The decoction is taken in 50 ml every hour.
- Pine branches (200 g) together with boiled water (2 l) are boiled over low heat for 2-3 hours. After boiling, the decoction turns into an extract. Prepare this concentrate immediately before taking a hot shower. The water level should not be higher than the middle of your chest. The pelvic area is rubbed with the medicine for 15 minutes until redness appears. Therapy is performed daily for 2 weeks. Baths have an antimicrobial effect, anesthetize and improve urination.
No matter how good the effect of folk remedies, it is difficult for them to compete with the achievements of pharmacology. The most correct and effective solution will be an integrated approach to the treatment of prostatitis.